Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. The characteristics of scoliosis are imbalance of shoulders or waist, a prominence on one side of the back when bending forward, and abnormal curvature on radiograph, along with or without back pain.
There are two categories of scoliosis:
Structural scoliosis. This group typically presents among teenagers, rarely along with back pain, and elderly people due to spinal bone degeneration.
Non-structural scoliosis. The common causes are inflammation of muscle or muscle spasm, and difference in leg lengths. In this group, the spine’s structure is still normal.
Conditions which cause the symptoms are:
- Structural scoliosis
- Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
- Early onset scoliosis
- Degerative scoliosis
- Nonstructural scoliosis
- Back muscle spasm
- Leg length discrepancy
When to see a doctor:
If signs of scoliosis are noticeable, examination is recommended to find out the cause.